用 and 连接的成份表示一个单一概念的时候，动词谓语用单数形式。Bread and butter is our daily food.Time and tide waits for no man.
1) 由 and，both …and，连接的并列主语，和 both，a few，many，several 等修饰语后面谓语动词通常用复数形式。
Few people know he and I were classmates when we were at college.
2) 集体名词 police，public，militia，cattle，class，youth 后常用复数形式的动词。
The Chinese people are brave and hardworking.
The cattle are grazing in the sunshine.
The Japanese were once very aggressive
The rich are not always selfish
Three million tons of coal were exported that year.
a) 由连词 either…or…， neither…nor…，whether… or…；not only…but (also)；or等连接的并列主语。
Neither money nor fame has influence on me.
Not only you but also he is wrong.
Blocking the open-sided porch, framed by the enveloping fog, stands a tall grave-faced policeman.
Just outside the ruins is a magnificent building surrounded by tall trees.
The cattle are grazing in the sunshine Although a great number of houses in that area are still in need of repair, there has been improvement in the facility.
2) 主语带有(together/along) with,，such as， accompanied by，as well as， no less than， except，besides，with， combined with， in addition to，including, together with 等等附加成分，谓语的数不受附加成分的影响仍然与主语保持一致。
Professor Taylor, with six of his students, is attending a conference in Boston organized to compare current practice in the United States with those of other nations.
The president of the college, together with the deans, is planning a conference for the purpose of laying down certain regulations. (1981 年考研题)
Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that are not fully understood. (1996 年考研题)
There are many valuable services which the public are willing to pay for, but which do not bring a return in money to the community.
4) 一些表示数量的短语与名词连用时候，谓语动词的数取决于名词的数，名词是复数，谓语动词用复数，反之就用单数。这些短语包括：a lot of /lots of，plenty of/heaps of，half of，two-third (three-fourth…) of，eighty (ten, twenty…) percent，part of，rest of，none of 等等
Two-thirds of people present are women.
Lots of damage was caused by the fire.
The family is the basic unit of our society.
The family were watching the TV
The audience was enormous.
The audience were greatly moved at the words.
a great many + 可数名词复数， 谓语用复数
a number of + 可数名词复数， 谓语用复数
the majority of +可数名词复数，谓语用复数
the number of+ 可数名词复数，谓语用单数
each/every + 可数名词复数，谓语用单数
neither/either of + 可数名词复数，谓语用单数
one and a half + 可数名词复数，谓语用单数
more than one + 可数名词单数，谓语用单数
many a + 可数名词单数，谓语用单数
the greater part of
a large proportion of
50% of; one third of
the rest of
not only….. but also ……
not …..but ……
谓语的数与主语的第二部分(即(n)or/ but also/ but 引导的后面部分)一致。
More students than one have been referred to
More than one student is going to buy this book
1) 最高级比较范围用介词 in, over, of, among.
in, (all) over 用于在某一范围内的比较，如：in China, all over the world。
of, among 用于在同一群体内同类事物的比较，如：among the teachers, of the four dresses。
注意：among相当于one of …,不说 among all….这一点应与汉语表达区别开来。如：
_____ all visible lights, red light has the longest and violet the shortest wavelength.
[A] Among [B] Of [C]For [D]To 答案为[B]
any other +单数名词
the other +复数名词
anyone / anything else
John runs faster than anyone.
3) most 可以用来修饰形容词或副词，意思相当于very， 用法区分单复数，但不能用定冠词the，如：a most interesting book，most expensive restaurants，要注意与 “the +形容词最高级+of + 名词”的结构表示的最高级的区别， 如：
He spoke in the warmest of voices.
They have been most kind to me.
Basketball is the most popular of sports in this country.
Chinese is the most difficult of language.
Chinese is a most difficult language.