Down jumped the burglar from the tenth floor when he heard someone shouted at him.
Up went the plane
2) 出于习惯用法：here，there，now，thus，hence， then。如：
Now is your turn.
There goes the bell.
Here is a ticket for you
There existed a certain doubt among the students as to the necessity of work
“Where is the cup?" "Here it is!”
Here you are.
There he comes.
Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life.
In between these two extremes are those people who agree with the jury system as a whole, but feel that some changes need to be implemented to improve its effectiveness.
Never， no，neither，not only，hardly，scarcely，little，seldom，rarely，not until，nowhere， at no time，on no account，in no respect，in no sense，by no means，in vain，still less，如：
Not only is its direct attack on their discipline, it bypasses the essence of what sociologists focus on.
Under no circumstances should we do anything that will benefit ourselves but harm the interests of the state. (1985 年考研题)
注：a) 如果谓语动词是单个实义动词，倒装时需根据人称和时态加助动词do。 如：
Little did we expect that he would fulfill his task so rapidly. (1983 年考研题)
Suddenly, Gallup's name was on everyone's lips; not only was he the prophet of the moment, but it was generally believed that he had founded a new and most important method of prediction.
2) 以 only 修饰状语(副词，介词短语，状语从句)开头的句子，句子的主谓要部分倒装：
only then，only at that time，only once，only in this way，only with，only through，only by，only when，only after，only because。如：
Only when you have obtained sufficient data, ________come to a sound conclusion.
[A]can you [B]would you [C]you will [D]you can
Often，so，well，to such a degree，to such an extent，to such extremes，to such a point，many a time。如：
So involved ______with their computers that leaders at summer computer camps often have to force them to break for sports and games.
[A]became the children [B]become the children
[C]had the children become [D]do the children become (2001年考研题,答案为D)
Hydrogen burns much more cleanly than do other fuels and is easy to produce.
Today's electric cars cannot go as fast as gasoline-driven vehicles because the battery does not offer the same amount of energy as does gasoline combustion.
Reading is to the mind as is exercise to the body.
They have got up, and so has Jack.
b) 否定重复倒装用：nor, neither, no more
If you don't agree to our plan, neither will they.
6) not only…but also"结构时，如果 not only 放在句首，则前半句倒装， but (also)句子后面不倒装
Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to being broke.
Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone to equal her, in thoroughness, whatever the job.
Brave as they are, they are afraid of fight.
2) 出现在句型be +主语+其他中。如：
While it’s true that we all need a career, preferably a profitable one, it is equally true that our civilization has accumulated an incredible amount of knowledge—be it scientific or artistic.
3) no matter how(who…)；however 引导的让步状语从句必须采用倒装结构，但不是主谓倒装，而是将被强调的内容至于句首。如：
No matter how busy he is, he has to attend the meeting.
However cold it is, he always goes swimming.